To understand what causes diabetes, first you must understand how sugar (glucose) is normally processed in the body.
Glucose is a main source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and other tissues.
The food we eat and our liver are the two major sources that glucose comes from. Sugar from our food is absorbed into the bloodstream during digestion.
Typically with the help of insulin, sugar then enters our cells. Insulin is a hormone that comes from our pancreas located just behind the stomach. When we eat, our pancreas secretes insulin into our bloodstream.
In order to allow sugar into our cells, insulin circulates and makes the cells receptive to the sugar. The cells need sugar to function.
Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your bloodstream. As our blood sugar level drops, so does the secretion of insulin from our pancreas.
The liver produces and stores glucose (aka sugar). When our insulin levels are low, typically when we haven't eaten in a while, for example — our liver releases the stored glucose to keep our glucose level within a normal range.
If you have prediabetes symptoms, this process begins to malfunction. Instead of moving into our cells, sugar builds up in your bloodstream. Why? Because the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin or the cells become resistant to the action of insulin or both.
The specifics as to why this happens are unknown but there are two important factors that contribute to the malfunction-- excess fat — especially abdominal fat — and inactivity.
Then the level of glucose in the blood is too high and the level absorbed by the body tissues is too low. Dietary changes can really make an impact on it.
This inefficiency in how your body uses carbohydrates over time increases the risk of kidney disease, atherosclerosis, blindness, and the loss of nerve function known as neuropathy.
It can also create a predisposition to candida and complicate pregnancy.
The are a number causes of diabetes type 2, most of which can be changed. So what causes diabetes?
Genetics may play a role, however, I think a lot of the genetics are really that we learned to eat and ate the same way our relatives did.
One of the first things you can do is educate yourself. Find out what you need to know about your health condition. Then support your body in the following ways.
As the immediate objectives of an alternative treatment is to stabilize your blood sugar. This multi prong approach will assist your body in eliminating the symptoms of adult diabetes or high blood sugar.